Built-in services

The framework provides built-in services that you can inject by type in components and actions.

Lisf of built-in services

Type Description


Provides a small abstraction to cache data that does not need to be recomputed very often. Commonly used by actions for UI interactions.


Allows to resolve a dependency from its Maven coordinates. It can either try to resolve a local file or (better) creates for you a preinitialized classloader.


A JSON-B instance. If your model is static and you don’t want to handle the serialization manually using JSON-P, you can inject that instance.


A JSON-P instance. Prefer other JSON-P instances if you don’t exactly know why you use this one.


A JSON-P instance. It is recommended to use this one instead of a custom one to optimize memory usage and speed.


A JSON-P instance. It is recommended to use this one instead of a custom one to optimize memory usage and speed.


A JSON-P instance. It is recommended to use this one instead of a custom one to optimize memory usage and speed.


A JSON-P instance. It is recommended to use this one instead of a custom one to optimize memory usage and speed.


A JSON-P instance. It is recommended to use this one instead of a custom one to optimize memory usage and speed.


Allows to resolve files from Maven coordinates (like dependencies.txt for component). Note that it assumes that the files are available in the component Maven repository.


Utility to inject services in fields marked with @Service.


Allows to instantiate an object from its class name and properties.


Allows to instantiate a record.


Allows to instantiate a RecordPointer which enables to extract a data from a Record based on jsonpointer specification.


Some utilities to create records from another one. It is typically what is used when you want to add an entry in a record and passthrough the other ones. It also provides a nice RecordVisitor API for advanced cases.


Represents the local configuration that can be used during the design.

It is not recommended to use it for the runtime because the local configuration is usually different and the instances are distinct.

You can also use the local cache as an interceptor with @Cached

Every interface that extends HttpClient and that contains methods annotated with @Request

Lets you define an HTTP client in a declarative manner using an annotated interface.

See the Using HttpClient for more details.

All these injected services are serializable, which is important for big data environments. If you create the instances yourself, you cannot benefit from these features, nor from the memory optimization done by the runtime. Prefer reusing the framework instances over custom ones.


The local configuration uses system properties and the environment (replacing dots per underscores) to look up the values. You can also put a TALEND-INF/local-configuration.properties file with default values. This allows to use the local_configuration:<key> syntax in @Ui annotation. Here is an example to read the default value of a property from the configuration:

private String value;
Ensure your key is unique across all components to avoid global overrides on the JVM. In practice, it is strongly recommended to always use the family as a prefix.
Also note that you can use @Configuration("prefix") to inject a mapping of the LocalConfiguration in a component. It uses the same rules as for any configuration object. If you prefer to inject you configuration in a service, ensure to wrap it in a Supplier to always have an up to date version.

If you want to ignore the local-configuration.properties, you can set the system property: talend.component.configuration.${componentPluginId}.ignoreLocalConfiguration=true.

Here a sample @Configuration model:

@Data // from lombok, optional
public class MyConfig {
  private String defaultUrl;

Here is how to use it from a service:

public class ConfiguredService {
  private Supplier<MyConfig> config;

And finally, here is how to use it in a component:

public class ConfiguredComponent {
  public ConfiguredComponent(@Configuration("myprefix") final MyConfig config) {
    // ...
it is recommended to convert this configuration in a runtime model in components to avoid to transport more than desired during the job distribution.

Using HttpClient

You can access the API reference in the Javadocs.

The HttpClient usage is described in this section by using the REST API example below. Assuming that it requires a basic authentication header:

GET /api/records/{id}


POST /api/records

JSON payload to be created: {"id":"some id", "data":"some data"}

To create an HTTP client that is able to consume the REST API above, you need to define an interface that extends HttpClient.

The HttpClient interface lets you set the base for the HTTP address that the client will hit.

The base is the part of the address that needs to be added to the request path to hit the API. It is now possible, and recommended, to use @Base annotation.

Every method annotated with @Request in the interface defines an HTTP request. Every request can have a @Codec parameter that allows to encode or decode the request/response payloads.

You can ignore the encoding/decoding for String and Void payloads.
public interface APIClient extends HttpClient {
    @Request(path = "api/records/{id}", method = "GET")
    @Codec(decoder = RecordDecoder.class) //decoder =  decode returned data to Record class
    Record getRecord(@Header("Authorization") String basicAuth, @Path("id") int id);

    /** same with base as parameter */
    @Request(path = "api/records/{id}", method = "GET")
    @Codec(decoder = RecordDecoder.class) //decoder =  decode returned data to Record class
    Record getRecord(@Header("Authorization") String basicAuth, @Base String base, @Path("id") int id);

    @Request(path = "api/records", method = "POST")
    @Codec(encoder = RecordEncoder.class, decoder = RecordDecoder.class) //encoder = encode record to fit request format (json in this example)
    Record createRecord(@Header("Authorization") String basicAuth, Record record);
The interface should extend HttpClient.

In the codec classes (that implement Encoder/Decoder), you can inject any of your service annotated with @Service or @Internationalized into the constructor. Internationalization services can be useful to have internationalized messages for errors handling.

The interface can be injected into component classes or services to consume the defined API.

public class MyService {

    private APIClient client;

    public MyService(...,APIClient client){
        this.client = client;
        client.base("http://localhost:8080");// init the base of the api, often in a PostConstruct or init method

    // Our get request
    Record rec =  client.getRecord("Basic MLFKG?VKFJ", 100);
    // or
    Record rec1 =  client.getRecord("Basic MLFKG?VKFJ", "http://localhost:8080", 100);

    // Our post request
    Record newRecord = client.createRecord("Basic MLFKG?VKFJ", new Record());
By default, /+json are mapped to JSON-P and /+xml to JAX-B if the model has a @XmlRootElement annotation.

Customizing HTTP client requests

For advanced cases, you can customize the Connection by directly using @UseConfigurer on the method. It calls your custom instance of Configurer. Note that you can use @ConfigurerOption in the method signature to pass some Configurer configurations.

For example, if you have the following Configurer:

public class BasicConfigurer implements Configurer {
    public void configure(final Connection connection, final ConfigurerConfiguration configuration) {
        final String user = configuration.get("username", String.class);
        final String pwd = configuration.get("password", String.class);
            Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString((user + ':' + pwd).getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8)));

You can then set it on a method to automatically add the basic header with this kind of API usage:

public interface APIClient extends HttpClient {
    @Request(path = "...")
    Record findRecord(@ConfigurerOption("username") String user, @ConfigurerOption("password") String pwd);

Built-In configurer

The framework provides in the component-api an OAuth1.Configurer which can be used as an example of configurer implementation. It expects a single OAuth1.Configuration parameter to be passed to the request as a @ConfigurationOption.

Here is a sample showing how it can be used:

public interface OAuth1Client extends HttpClient {
    @Request(path = "/oauth1")
    String get(@ConfigurerOption("oauth1") final OAuth1.Configuration configuration);

Big data streams

By default, the client loads in memory the payload. In case of big payloads, it can consume too much memory. For these cases, you can get the payload as an InputStream:

public interface APIClient extends HttpClient {
    @Request(path = "/big/http/data")
    InputStream getData();
You can use the Response wrapper, or not.
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